Ideas of morality and ethics theory of morality

ethics-KEthics is a science, subject of which is the morality, and the central problem of good and evil.

In its simplest formulation: ethics, and morality is a representation of society and the individual about good and evil, about how to do well and as badly.

Is it possible to give the only scientific definition of morality?

This issue is the source in ethics throughout the history of the science. There is no single, unambiguous definition of morality. And it’s not by accident. Morality-not just what is it, rather, is that it should be. And for different Nations and even for the same people in different times it “should be” significantly vary. For example, the “eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth” Moses from the time “If you hit on the right cheek, turn left” of Christ.

In today’s society there are two approaches to understanding the terms of morality and morality. In the first case they mean the same thing in the second moral applies to society and morality-the personality.

According to the Division of the morals and morality in ethics we can distinguish two areas: social ethics that studies the foundations and development of morality in the society and the individual, which is more interested in the sources of internal moral feeling.

Thus the idea of a person may not coincide with the views of society. So, a man obsessed with passions, can ignore the prohibition and injunction, accepted in the society. Conversely, suppose that in a society in moral man can cause rejection (such as alcohol, smoking, hunting for animals etc.).

Thus, ethics is the scope of the objective views of science; morals-the scope of the public prescriptions of customs; morality-the scope of internal installations that have gone through an internal regulator-the conscience of man. However, we can take the words of moral and moral in the same sense, for example: “the moral thing to do” and “the moral thing to do”; “The moral rule and moral rule.”

Although so far there is no single formulation of the notion of “morality”, according as we can give the following brief and capacious formulation:

Morality (morality) is a set of norms, values, ideals, attitudes that govern human behavior and are the most important components of culture.

Why is it so important to be moral? The answer is simple. Imagine two people with the same luggage of knowledge are equally developed intellect and the same level of wealth. Where they use their values: good or evil acts? Only one of the two, who are morally will direct all acquired him on good goals. And the higher its level of morality, the higher the goals he will not only their wealth and their lives.

We took two words: morality and ethics. How they differ from one another? It is a word of Greek and Latin origin. Ethics comes from the Greek èthos. Both forms are found in the Greek text of the New Testament. About Jesus we read that he went out into the Mount of Olives, according to custom.

Author of the book of acts tells us that the Romans were not custom (ethos) some warn a person to death. In addition to “custom”, the word ethos can also have a value of “manners”. In Philippi Paul and the power of the accused because they preach Customs (ethè), which the Romans should not take, nor perform. In one of his letters, Paul quoted aphorism of the pagan komedìografa Menandra. “Skinny corrupts good morals.”

Some manuals for ethics held the distinction between ethos-morality in the meaning of “custom”, “custom, manners and èthos-morality in the sense of an” internal arrangement “,” the image of thought “. However, this distinction is not always possible to determine. Rather it should be said that both values are merged into one. The mindset is revealed in morality, while customs suggest the presence of a certain image of thoughts.

Also interesting to know that the ethos and èthos can mean and housing (human, animal). It sheds light on the deep meaning of the word “custom” (Dutch Words gewoon-te, “custom”, and woon-plaats, “accommodation”, the root is the same) and in human life. Customs is not something external (towards us). We are as much as inside; Customs and habits form the environment in which we operate. The moral behavior of any person can give us the key to understanding its place in society.

Here’s what you can as yet say about the word “ethics“. Whence originated the word “morals“? It comes from the Latin word mos, a related verb metiri, “measure”. Apparently, there is no need to consider it in detail, since the Latin tone has the same value, and Greek èthos and ethos.

Thus, the value of the us Latin words don’t reveal the differences between them. This does not mean that such differences can not be hold between the words “ethics and morality”, used in our language. Just don’t all do it. An example of an (admittedly, already somewhat outdated) can serve as the fact that the protestant theologian, which deals with issues of ethics, referred to as ethicus, while his colleague, which belongs to the Roman Catholic Church, known under the name of moral theology.

Personally for us the difference between ethics and morality is the following: morality we call the combination of the traditional and dominant (at the moment) morality, while ethics is the comprehension of these customs. We can describe the morale in the form in which it was the Greeks, Romans, Christians of the middle ages, as well as the form in which it is manifested today in all its diversity. However, in describing it, we still free from judgments of picking. The score is given in ethics. Thus, ethics is making sense of morality (moralities was formed).

People doing some or other doings (morality), but whether their deeds right (ethics)? It is clear that ethics cannot exist without morality, while the concept of morals ethics have not yet included. No one can judge whether actions good or bad, not acquainted with the most actions. However, it is possible to give a description of the behavior or morality in General, not exposing this assessment itself described object.

The difference between morality and ethics can be expressed and so: though we can offer individual (solo-) ethics, however, individual (solo-) morality does not exist. Any individual (man or woman) can write a guide to ethics. However, the moral is always the group. It is a social phenomenon that ethics are not always necessary.

To express what we call ethics and morality, and other terms. We could also extend the notion of “ethics” and “morality” in other words. For example, “customs” (in the meaning of “morality”) and “the doctrine of chance” (in the meaning of “ethics”). In this case, when mores refers to rules of conduct in society, while the doctrine of chance is the interpretation of these rules of conduct.

However, the notion of “morality”, “ethics” as taken root and become so common throughout the world, we prefer this internationalism in front of just named the native terms. In addition, the word “customs” are now used more in the sense of “folk customs”, “folk customs”. The allotted time for eating, national dishes, generally accepted in any form the people of civility, holidays etc. p. these aspects we don’t pay special attention, talking about morality. As well as etiquette, although it seems that etiquette is relevant to ethics. Once his true, dubbed “tiny ethic”, but this name is misleading.

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