Author Archives: Mary

Values as A Way to Win

ValuePerception of the role of values as a factor in the derationalization of the conflict is dominant in the modern theory of conflict. And interest in conflicts of values is extremely great. Meanwhile, in conflictological literature the clarity in describing values as a specific object of the dispute leaves much to be desired. If material objects, such as resources or status are prepared to the smallest detail, Continue reading

Ethics in Philosophy of Politics: Why Rawls’ Theory of Justice Is Not Universal?

John-Rawls-1John Rawls is one of the most important western political philosophers of the 20th century whose book “Theory of Justice” is one of the most cited contemporary books in this discipline. In this work, Rawls develops the enlightened idea of the social contract modifying it to the idea of the “original position”, in which any rational individual will choose certain principles of justice.

First of all, it should be noted that the idea of writing such a work is based on the author’s Continue reading

The Intentions of Social Revolutions: Freedom as A Condition for Changing Paradigms

PoliticalToday the political and social space of the world has unstable, internal political and social development.

Such instability of development is designated by unpredictability of the social world, his vulnerability from accidents. In many respects, the immanence of accidents is shown in consciousness of the individual which finds purposeful activity under the influence of the dominating social paradigm. Continue reading

The Ethical Component of The Sociopolitical Changes

GlobalizationModern problems of society and political authorities often minimise the nature of the relationship of public power and citizen, because the political regime determines the degree of social freedoms.

Studying social world even as it agreed to talk about how a totalitarian regime from authoritarianism and democracy, but attempts to more accurately classify their diversity leveled many intermediate modes of organization and implementation authorities. Continue reading

Extrapolation of Custom to Lie In Everyday Life into Working Environment

Lie In EverydayThe habit of lying that is formed in the childhood, in adulthood may decrease (with the reduction of the authoritarian pressure from the outside) or increase (apart from the authoritarian pressure of the parents, for example, pressure from a husband / wife is added), but it does not disappear.

There is a logical question about the possible transfer of the habit of lying in everyday life in the sphere of professional activity of a person. The subject of the distortion of facts and information was studied by the well-known scholars: Z. Freud, J. Maritten, A. Camus, B. Russell, M. Foucault, A. Gramsci, A. Toynbee, K. Jaspers, specific research and tests were performed by G. Marcuse, Continue reading

Divergent Tendencies of Modern Society as a Factor of Globalization

GlobalizationAnalyzing the current social situation, it is impossible to ignore those trends that determine the face of the world today. First of all, it is about those processes that testify to the real divergence of the world community, while the information context of the ongoing social transformations often plays a decisive role.

The emergence of new information and computer technologies 44 significantly influenced the culture, and also determined Continue reading

The Different Role of Scientific and Technical Paradigms in the Ideological Control of Science

Technical ParadigmsIn the different time was progress of science (and proto-science, in modern understanding of term “science”) by different factors restricted. A part of this restriction is based of axiomatic systems of sciences and is necessary , another part are metaphysical factors that it’s possible different to characterize the third part of factors are social, cultural, economic and political factors which influences the progress of science indirect, but there is this influence

One of historical examples of metaphysical factors is position of Thomas Aquinas, concrete his idea that thru of theology is more completely as thru of human philosophy. Continue reading

Ethics Implementation in the Lawyer’s Professional Life

laewerThis paper is a continuation of the thesis research, which aims at carrying out the formation of a lawyer’s ethical code in Europe to understand such principles of legal activity in Ukraine. Interpretation of the rules of the lawyer’s professional conduct should be aimed at the purpose of legal principle place and the law itself. It can be stated that a lawyer has some specific goals in comparison Continue reading

Animal Ethics: On Peter Singer’s Article “All Animals Are Equal”

Animal EthicsAnimal Ethics is a young and developing field. ‘Since ancient times philosophers have been interested in questions of animal minds, but only beginning around the last quarter of the twentieth century has a significant philosophical literature developed on the ethics of our use of animals. Scholars then began to view the subject matter as needing sustained scholarly attention’ [Tom L. Beauchamp (2011) in: The Oxford Handbook of Animal Ethics Edited by Tom L. Beauchamp and R. G. Frey] Continue reading

The Ethical Principles Uses for Dead Human Bodies

Dead Human BodieThe attitude towards the use of corpses and organs of the dead in medicine and scientific research has seriously changed throughout the history of civilization. In China, autopsy was considered a desecration and was banned. In Greco-Roman medicine, the work with corpses was also banned: neither Hippocrates nor Galen did not dissect a man, but studied animal corpses or sewed up Continue reading