Author Archives: Mary

Pedestrian Distraction & Crosswalk Safety

Crosswalk SafetyRecent research has explored the phenomenon of distraction and traffic safety. In particular, the largest focus has been on driving, such as talking on a cell phone (Nabatilan et al., 2011), that can lead to unsafe distraction. Continue reading

Application of Behavioral Skills Training in Teaching Data Collection

students_studyA limited body of research exists exploring the effectiveness of different training packages on teaching accurate data collection. Behavioral Skills Training (BST) has had success in preventing gunplay (Kelso et. al, 2007), teaching anti-abduction techniques (Johnson et. al, 2005), and training teachers to implement discrete-trial teaching (Sarokoff & Sturmey, 2004). Continue reading

Mental Health in Sri Lanka

Sri-Lanka-studentThis study is an accumulation of the ethnographic and observational research garnered over the last year by the author (Jennifer Vorel) who lived in Sri Lanka for about a month and a half, working for Sri Lanka Volunteers’ 5- week Mental Health Placement. Continue reading

The Relationship between Academic Motivation and Parenting Styles in Multiple Socioeconomic Status Areas

girl-studentThe purpose of this research study is to evaluate the relationship between parenting styles and academic motivation in students and compare the results in both high and low socioeconomic status areas. Specific aims of the study are to compare 3 parenting styles (authoritative, authoritarian, permissive/neglectful) to a student’s motivation towards their academics and to identify if the results of the comparison are similar or different in diverse socioeconomic status areas. Continue reading

The Role of Sense of Belonging on the Relationship Between Campus Racial Climate and Academic Achievement of African American College Students

African StudentsMinority enrollment in higher education has increased over the last 40 years. However, even though African American students are more likely than ever to be enrolled in predominately white institutions (PWI), their rates of graduation and academic achievement fail to keep pace with their white counterparts (Fischer, 2010; Guiffrida & Douthit, 2010; Reitzes & Jaret, 2007; Rodgers & Summers, 2008). Continue reading

Preference for Physical Activity

runningPresently, 52% of adults do not meet the recommended levels of Physical Activity Guidelines prescribed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Thus, identifying a simple strategy to increase preference for physical activity could remedy the serious health concerns associated with limited physical activity. Continue reading

Psychological Distress and Academic Adjustment of College Students

College StudentsDue to the massive influx of students attending colleges across the nation, an increase in the presence of mental health services are paramount. The mental health needs of today’s college students have risen dramatically. According to Kitzrow (2003), an estimated 84 percent of students who walk into a school counseling centers show significant causes for concern. Continue reading

Visual Versus Verbal Working Memory

brainTo assess the capacity of clinically available visual versus verbal working memory (WM) tests to differentiate between mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and subtle cognitive impairment (SCI) patients.

Methods: Graphomotor visual WM was assessed with the Object Span Test (OST) and Wechsler Memory Scale-IV Symbol Span (WMS-IV SS). Verbal WM was assessed with the Backward Digit Span Test (BDT) and Continue reading

Erotophobia, Erotophilia and Sexual Aggression

asian-gayErotophobia-erotophilia (EE), defined as one’s openness to sexual experiences (Fisher et al., 1988), is understudied within the literature. The purpose of this study was to expand the limited knowledge of EE and sexual aggression (SA). Continue reading

Factors influencing health behaviors in those at risk for developing schizophrenia

schizophreniaIndividuals with schizophrenia have a greater risk for developing several chronic health conditions including cardiovascular disease, diabetes (Castillo-Sanchez et al., 2015) and metabolic syndrome (Bly et al., 2014). Problematic lifestyle behaviors appear to be directly linked to these chronic health conditions among those with schizophrenia (Saha et al., 2007). Obesity is another health concern among individuals with schizophrenia having a 45-55% greater chance of becoming obese (De Hert et al., 2009). Continue reading