Such instability of development is designated by unpredictability of the social world, his vulnerability from accidents. In many respects, the immanence of accidents is shown in consciousness of the individual which finds purposeful activity under the influence of the dominating social paradigm. However, at a certain stage of development, the dialectics of a paradigm – becomes irrelevant that leads to social revolutions.
Proceeding from it, It should be noted that the relevance of this work is caused by need of the multidimensional analysis of a phenomenon of change of paradigms which is carried out, in our opinion, thanks to intrinsic ability of the personality to revaluation of values, to revaluation of the operating ethics.
This perspective is a studying subject in a row the obshchestvovedcheskikh, social sciences today that is caused by need to understand specifics of revolutions and to define her philosophical measurement in the system of social coordinates. In the Russian, social and social and philosophical science there is no consensus, the uniform point of view consolidating scientific community in a question of a phenomenon of the revolution caused by changes in consciousness at the moment.
Among domestic researchers to give similar treatment to ethics of social revolutions, change of her valuable discourse, such researchers as A.I. Demidov, B.V. Markov, earlier, this perspective have tried Ya.F. Askin mentioned. In the Western philosophical and social science, today, to a problem of valuable revolution of paradigms through a prism of ethics of the person, it is much given attention in works of the philosopher D. Chalmers, the sociologist neomarxist I. Vallerstayn.
However, despite keen interest of researchers in this subject, still there is poorly studied a question of a role of value of freedom which, in our opinion, acts as the main, basic, driving value of revolutions.
By consideration of this problem, such following methods of knowledge have been chosen as the researcher:
1) The Kompartivistsky method used by the researcher for the purpose of identification of peculiar features in various types of revolutions
2) The dialectic method applicable the researcher for the purpose of identification of dynamics of development of revolutions
3) The historical method applicable the researcher for the purpose of consideration and allocation of characteristics of revolutions Use of the specified methods has helped to investigate to reveal the most common features and regularities of development of revolutions, their emergence and a progression in crisis conditions.
Besides, application of these methods has created an opportunity to study and analyse both a revolution phenomenon in general, and her separate phenomena. The phenomena the revolution of ethics which is marked out with us which is based on personal freedom value became one of such. The personality acts as the central figure in revolutions which represent long process of formation of society and the social relations.
Thus, the conducted research has revealed the nature and dynamics of social revolutions, has helped to reveal the main values and noma of social revolutions, and also, promoted formation of correlation approach to a phenomenon and the idea of valuable revolution in ethics to which social revolution promotes and precedes.
Author Timirchev Ilya