Another name of aesthetics is “the philosophy of art”. This means the process of explaining the meaning of works of art, art movements and different art theories.
The center of axiology possesses the study of value. It is a practical format for assessing the degree of progress and the variations of one’s perceptual biases in the thinking. Axiology inspects two types of values: ethics and aesthetics. The last – aesthetics, examines an idea of fascination and harmony.
Axiology presents the value theory; also it studies questions, which are connected with nature values. The central paragraph of axiology’s philosophy is the questions about value and benefit, value and grade. Axiology practices the study of value, which can be a motivator of human life. Axiology studies characteristics, structure and hierarchy of values all over the world, methods of knowing, its ontological condition, and also the nature and value’s specificity of judgments. The fundamental contradiction of axiology is the recognition of the values of universalism.
Axiology is an offshoot of philosophy that examines the theory of values and problems that are connected to the nature of values. Questions about values always excited mankind. The ancient Greek philosopher Socrates raised this issue for the first time. He formed the question “What is good?” and put it at the center of his entire philosophy. According to his teachings, good – it is realized value – utility. As a conclusion it can be claimed that the value and benefits – two sides of the same coin.
In principle, the emergence of axiology as a separate and independent science, took place during the separation of the notion of being an element of value and an element of actuality. In this occasion, the objective of axiology is to demonstrate the possibilities of practical reason in the conventional structure of essence.
The term “axiology” appeared in 1902. Looking back at the history, the three main periods can be distinguished: pre-classical, classical and post-classical.
Pre-classical period contained the cult of the senses. Otherwise, this represents that the subject of the unconscious values do not exist. Such a conclusion is made, because the value can not belong to things by itself. Nevertheless this does not imply that the value is only subjective.
Classical period considered axiology as a science that studies the very general laws that underlie the value relations.
Also, as a science, which examines the structure and hierarchy of cash values.
Post-classical period is characterized by individual lines of the classic models of the fundamental axiology.
Nowadays it is more and more difficult to allocate the spheres of knowledge, which would not actively use the axiological installation or terms. Notwithstanding, in contemporary culture and social sciences the popularity of “applied” aspects is increasing. This is balanced by the reduction of its status among the fundamental philosophical disciplines.
Aesthetics is the knowledge about creative man’s relation to reality, the perceptual knowledge, which grasps and creates the beautiful and is conveyed in the images of art.
Long before people have been attracted to the art and beauty, so they were subjected to detailed examination and analysis. As a science aesthetics has evolved by drawing the sources of inspiration within the philosophy, theology, art practice and art criticism.
The subject of aesthetics was complicated and enriched during the process of its progress. If we look back at the history, we can find out that in the period of antiquity aesthetics affected the general philosophical problems of the nature of beauty and art.
A significant contribution into the medieval aesthetics was made by medieval theology. Later, during the Renaissance, it achieved a significant evolution in the field of art and artistic practice, close relationship between creativity and nature appeared.
During the Renaissance period aesthetics was enormously influenced by political field of study. Attention was drawn to the moral and cognitive significance of art.
Further, the subject of aesthetics was noticeably narrowing. Aesthetics got a new definition, which sounded like “knowledge of nature and the laws of aesthetic of assimilation the reality and artistic culture of the society”. It was concluded that aesthetics studies not only beautiful, but also does not disregard the disagreeable, tragic and so on. So aesthetics is the science of expression in general.
From the foresaid it can be concluded that the subject of aesthetics is extremely mobile and changeable.
Summing up we can say that axiology is the science that studies the human values and their relationships that motivate human behavior and convey meaning to human life. Aesthetics, compared with axiology – the science of nature, art forms and manifestations with both beautiful and terrible. The science that studies the human creative attitude to reality and experience of its mastering.