Mychola Gavrylovych Chernyshevsky was a Russian journalist and writer. He was born 12 (24) July 1828 in Saratov. Grew up into the family of a priest. Father Gabriel Ivanovychsa Chernyshevsky (1793 -1861) was a priest. A writer studied at home his father was a teacher for him. His father was many-sided educated man and therefore could fully develop your child. In 1842 he entered the seminary in Saratov, where he devoted the most time to self-education, studying foreign languages, Russian grammar, geography, history, literature and theory of literature and various sciences. He did not finished Seminary.
Mycola Gavrylovych Chernyshevsky investigated liberty, invented the theory of rational egoism which had two principles: 1) to satisfying the needs of their own body; 2)reciprocate the good people together .
“Rational egoism” has in itself nothing to do, individual, selfish for themselves personal success at the expense of others. Why it is “selfishness”? The fact that Mycola Gavrylovych not accept the position of believing moral laws, because they was used for the benefit of higher classes, namely masters who ruled over the people. He always built their systems, based on different philosophical materialism, namely anthropologism.
That was the philosophical doctrine of human nature. The objective of this area was the study and justification of the essence of human existence and individuality of each person. In the center is not God, is the same person as the person who is endowed with intelligence and uniqueness in the universe. In the center of universe is not God , is the same person as the person who is endowed with intelligence and uniqueness .
According Chernyshevskogo “rational egoism”, he abhors solitude because every happy person can be alone “There are no lonely happiness, happiness of one person dependent on the well-being of society.”, A person can be truly free only if he/she will communicatу with people. Happiness of two people depends entirely on the lives of so many. And from this point of view exceptional interest is the ethical theory Chernyshevski. Chernyshevski lift people who care about their own welfare and that while other people loved, were useful to society life. In my opinion “rational egoism” in much stronger than usual “selfishness.”
Egoist will always do what it is beneficial and if the decision of two people entered the conflict “smart Egoist” refuses to perform its actions, not in the name of generosity, but in the name of profit. Chernyshevsky said: “There’s all sorts of people: the sybarite and ascetics, and harsh, and tender, and all sorts, all sorts of”. He meant that people are all different and that makes them alive and real. Chernyshevsky considered the theory of “rational egoism” as a moral theory of “new people” to be honest to themselves, and they will not hypocrisy to like each other.
So, the “rational egoism” based on the fact that if a person will think only about themselves, it will be lonely, but if will think about someone else, take care of he/she will be in happiness and harmony. From here it On “rational egoism” overcomes the usual “selfishness” and the man thinks over if she will love only themselves be enough forces her to go on and inspire a faith itself. In my opinion no, triggered rational egoism, which begins to think not only about themselves but also about the people who occupy an important place in life. And this rational egoism has on a person, the person begins to appreciate not only themselves but also the people who can help solve the case, give advice, support. Yet everyone will do as it seems to be right for her.
This “rational egoism” overcomes the usual “selfishness” and the man thinks over if she will love only themselves be enough forces her to go on and inspire a faith itself. In my opinion no, triggered rational egoism that makes us think not only about themselves but also about the people who occupy an important place in the life of this man. And this rational egoism has on a person, the person begins to appreciate not only themselves but also the people who can help solve some problems, give advice, support. Yet everyone will do as it seems to be good especially for her.