The Renaissance is characterized by a large influence of new trends in arts, man and the world in General. This period was also called the majestic name –Renaissance. It was at this time formed a complete picture of the person who is the Creator of everything, the so called the worldly God. A man of genius in this era was considered the artist who in his work could embody a human being, namely, the skill and execution and the divine, that is the idea or talent. Therefore, in this period, so valued the work of the artist and she acquired a very great value. The artist really respected.
In the center of the art of this period was man and nature. Considered these two entities in unity. It is in the Renaissance formed develops the theory of art aesthetics. Artists appeal to different Sciences such as mathematics, anatomy or optics to reveal the essence of art more deeply and to show its essence and beauty. The most important feature of aesthetics of that time was that it was closely linked to artistic practice. Artists of the time wanted their art reflects the man and nature as a whole, so this year’s theme was leading in the art of the Renaissance.
Best of all in this period evolved paintings, because this direction the artist could show his creativity and convey his idea to people. The aesthetics of the Renaissance period pays much attention to similarity of appearance. The main inspiration of the artists at this time was their vision of the world and a desire to recreate nature’s beauty in their masterpieces. They saw that the world is so harmonious and beautiful, and they are the task of life was to recreate all this greatness and originality of the world in its full picture. That is why the artists turned to the techniques and paid attention to the light and shadow, correct proportions, tone color and many other techniques which helped to make the painting more realistic.
Feature artists of the Renaissance period was the fact that they didn’t try to make an exact copy of the real world. The following is an exact copy of nature is obedience to her, they believed. The focus of the era is the concept for the beauty, the greatness. Each work of art ,the artist had to find all the facets of the beauty to be able properly to show them in your artwork.
Famous Italian architect ,art theorist and writer Leon Alberti Batata suggested this wonderful idea that beauty is rooted in nature of the things themselves. Based on his words, we can understand that all the beauty there is in nature, so the task of man to find her ,to describe in all its grandeur and beauty, while taking advantage of knowledge on art that were available in full at the time.
The artists and theorists of the Renaissance paid a lot of attention to the proportions, proportions ,symmetry. They sought to find the ideal around. The ideal in art, proportions, symmetry, etc. Therefore, it is possible to make visual that the art of the Renaissance was aimed at the search of the ideal .At this time, formed a new point of view regarding the formation of a realistic world view. Man was seen not only as an individual, but also opened the verge of its nature and the spiritual world through art.
The very name of the Renaissance has a great point, which shows us that in this period happened, something that really, really gave a new life and life for art. It should also be noted that the main idea of this era was humanism, the main idea was to improve the human nature through the study of ancient literature. That is, again, you can see that the value of man in the world has changed, began to pay a lot of attention not only external but also internal world of man through the prism of the fine arts.
The Renaissance is characterized as a revival of ancient Sciences and arts. However, it is unclear which side was reproduced antiquity in the Renaissance and what antiquity. Maybe, antiquity played here the role of the earth’s support during the withdrawal of the Renaissance man from the medieval stronghold. However, in antiquity, except the earth was very much unearthly, while the Renaissance man in some respects really departed from the middle ages, and in other ways yet still does not depart. The Renaissance as opposed to medieval culture was the secular culture and the Outlook, which was based only on the terrestrial aspirations of the person.
No one era in the history of European culture was not filled with such a huge quantity ofanti-clerical works of individual statements. If to address the question about the light of all this anti-Catholic literature, for Italy it would make a large volume. But the Renaissance was not a fully secular worldview, given that it was written and thought during this very long historical periods.
Renaissance Madonnas, or even biblical charactersin Renaissance necessarily portrayed realistically. But to characterize this Renaissance realism in comparison with realism, for example, Byzantine or old Russian icons — the task is not easy because of the types of realism very much.
In the characteristic aesthetics of the Renaissance are not always taken into account the historical and geographical complexity of this era. The Renaissance lasted for about four centuries (XIII —XVI), therefore, to formulate a single chronological line of development of the Renaissance is almost impossible.
The Renaissance was in many countries, and each country experienced its Renaissance in its own way chronologically and essentially. There was, for example, the Italian Renaissance, and was also Northern Renaissance. To the four centuries of the Renaissance is not only the Italian Renaissance in the narrow sense of the word, but, for example, and even Gothic. But then it can’t be avoided and the characteristics of the Renaissance. Was the Renaissance aesthetics, and was more and Gothic aesthetics.
The Renaissance usually refers also to the phenomenon of, for example, Copernicus ‘ heliocentric system or doctrine of the infinity of the worlds of Giordano Bruno. The aesthetics of the Renaissance has always created for their researchers and commentators great difficulties, as everyone always wanted to reduce it to some single principle.
This is not possible because the aesthetics of the Renaissance has the features of huge natural and often quite subjective-human reassurance, far from subsequent eras of domination of certain differentiated abilities of the human spirit. This spontaneity of the Renaissance led to the combination of a variety of human abilities, who had a constant tendency to its differential functioning, however, were not strong enough to enable one to command all others.
We can say that already during the Renaissance were proposed and partially thought out strongly in all directions bourgeois aesthetics, which further characterized him the whole time, but here they still appeared from time to time and died in the General chaos of earthly life approval. It therefore seems more useful to describe the aesthetics of the Renaissance not by individual names or works and not even the individual steps of the General cultural-historical development, but first of all from individual points of view, which at the most amazing weave and dosage come across almost all the representatives of the four centuries of this era.
Revivalist artist is dramatically different from the ancient-medieval artist, and therefore, the influence of antiquity seem over-exaggerated by the researchers and interpreters of the aesthetics of the Renaissance. In the formal similarity here, unwittingly, subjectivistically-individualistic lust for life sensations regardless of their religious or moral values, although these last are here formally not only not denied, but often comes to the forefront. The same must be said of the other formal features of similarity between the Renaissance and classical aesthetics.
Renaissance aesthetics is not worse than the ancient preaches the imitation of nature. However, looking at these Renaissance theories of imitation, we immediately notice that in the foreground here is not so much the nature as the artist. In his work the artist wants to reveal the beauty that lies in the recesses of nature. So the artist here was not only a naturalist, but he believes that art, even above nature.
Revivalists came to full isolation of the artistic image from all life and all existence. Since the beginning of the XV century voices, poetry is pure fiction, so it is irrelevant to morality, she says nothing and does not deny, is a point of view, which was later (XX C.) will belong to the neo. And in many judgments of Nicholas of Cusa, a future illuminated by the apriorism of Kant and neo-Kantianism.
Thus, the aesthetics of Renaissance, being spontaneous and violent self-assertion of the human subject, as well as appropriate reassurance and, in its undifferentiated but powerful historical and cultural scope from expressed all the possibilities that lurked in the depths of the bourgeois-capitalist world.