In the context of the conflict’s need theory author of the theses tries to offer an analysis of the social and value conflicts’ moral factors influence, as well as to demonstrate that in this context moral factors act as an instrument of conflict, which is being exploited either for the sake of the conflict tension relief or for its strengthening.
In both cases moral factors stand in as the tools, rather than the goal and in accordance with this moral’s designation, it gains positive function of the individuals’ consciousness which is being sated with the moral values, which eventually changes the structures of the consciousness and predetermines its vector of development towards the orientation to contest for the alteration or conservation of one’s position in society in the established system of social relations, and also for the orientation to contest in order to implement one’s interest, which becomes incompatible with the existing relations, which has to dissolve in these relations and cannot in fact reside in them.
Proceeding from the understanding of conflict as a negative means of subjects’ cooperation who are orientated towards the conservation and alteration of their position in society (material or spiritual), moral factors make an impact on the conflicting subject’s consciousness and by this these factors either strengthen, or conversely, weaken the internal readiness to the actions orientated towards contest.
These two opposing states, gained as a result of the morals’ impact on the conflicting subjects, are still options open. This is because moral factors belong to both those subjects who are aspiring to conserve their status and those who are aspiring to change one. That is why all the nuances of the moral factor’s influence on the conflicting subjects should be narrowed down to positive influence both on those subjects who are trying to change their position in society and those who are trying to preserve it.
The positivity of the moral factors in the society strengthens contesting side’s positions with the help of moral justification of the both changing relations and conserving ones. The result is that the moral can serve as a regulating factor in the conflict if and only if it is not self-identical, but is presented as a special one and only in this form the moral gains the power of influence on the conflicting subjects.
The moral factors cannot stand in as a general motive in conflict and cannot be imposed by the adverse parties as a general and indivisible, since “the moral is premised on the autonomy of human spirit” according to K. Marx.
The conflict of values never even changes the position under which moral serves as a factor which justifies conflicting actions of opposing subjects, e.g. the value bearers and thereby does not turn its coat in its social and functional aspect to create positive alliance of those, who realized his own interest, define the scope of values, which are potentially needed for the conflict’s formation and furthermore for the sake of conflict itself and its successful termination.
But as the conflict termination leads to the physical peace, preserving potencies of the value conflict, you get the impression it is the contradiction of values which act as the conflict’s detonator, while in reality clash of values is the symptom of amassing controversies in the other spheres of society, it is the symptom of the peculiar moral, peculiar individual and peculiar society formation, which go beyond the limits of the existing social relations.
Created by Bondarev Victor, Strebkov Alexander.