At the present stage, the information in society, free access to the dissemination of information and the rapid development of technological activities facilitate the process of intellectual development. But at the same time processes of use and appropriation of other ideas and opinions become more and more spread.
This is due to the large number of higher educational establishments and other forms of the educational services. At the moment there are quite a few really interesting and worthy scientific works, which offer relevant
problems and ways of their solution. Unfortunately, some authors consider the appropriation of other people’s thoughts applicable, that is why, it led to the decrease of educational level.
Surely every man once had to deal with the phenomenon as plagiarism, and observe not only the theft of someone else’s but his own. The term plagiarism, translated from the Latin means theft, because it is illegal immoral appropriation of opinions, ideas, inventions of otheras, as well as when used in the writings of someone else’s work without reference to the author. According to the law, plagiarism can lead to liability, namely legal.
Often this can be expressed in publications written under an assumed name or using someone else’s ideas, and this is reflected in the borrowed pieces of others ‘ works without specifying borrowed sources. The legal definition of this term appears first in the normative documents in Ukraine just in 2001 in the edition of the law of Ukraine on copyright and related rights.
The most important sign of plagiarism is the appropriation of authorship, whereas copying, using and publicating of the works is another copyright infringement which is called pirating. Along with this definition as fabrication of the results and falsification of data, plagiarism is a form of scientific fraud. In the scientific work this phenomenon does not only violates copyright, but also undermines the credibility of scientists and reduces the credibility of science.
Being a scientist and turning on the ethical code of of the Ukrainian scientist, one need to put the duty to maintain perfect transparency and honesty in all phases of scientific work and consider inappropriate displays of fraud, in particular fabrication and pirating of data, as well as plagiarism. In accordance with the ethical code, the scholar has to resist awarding scientific titles and degrees for work which does not meet modern achievement of World Science, or the ones that could be made with violation of the norms of ethics, because science plays one of the leading roles of the public activities.
N. I. Fokina identifies the following types of plagiarism: judgmental, which is carried out intentionally and is manifested in the rapid spread; advertising, in which popular titles and names are used intentionally, striving to attract the attention of clients; diversionary, which presents the opposite information; and unpremeditated, based on a random coinsidence of ideas. But despite various kinds of plagiarism they still are one and the same entity.
As a student I realize that plagiarism in my environment is a threat of the development of creative, clever thinking and creative potential, that distorts the real picture of the knowledge, abilities and skills, complicates the assessment of the results and leads to competition that may occur in the student environment, as well as the spread of plagiarism creates obstacles for effective transition into international scientific and educational environment.
So my attitude toward appropriation of other people’s opinions is very negative, because I, as a young specialist, would like to express my thoughts and show my creative thinking and abilities in writing new scientific works. And in further work it would be very disappointing to realize that someone stole my idea.
Working with the scientific work, my main tasks are also not to appropriate the ideas and opinions of others, and I also have to follow certain rules when writing scientific papers, such as: plan the scientific research, work with information sources thoroughly and very carefully, write down certain interesting facts concerning research work, be limited at paraphrase, consult with the supervisor to avoid errors, to be sure in clear distinguishing while quoting another source.
And the main thing you need to remember is that writing of the scientific work may have a positive or negative impact on the life of the educational estableshment, and on the sense of responsibility for the written work. Besides, the execution is another very important stage in the writing of scientific work. It must meet the State standards and the standards of bibliographic description of the information sources.
Besides, it should be noted that nowadays, there are many computer systems and databases in Ukraine to check texts for borrowing without references the source, which are detecting plagiarism, and it influence scientific activity and accelerates it. With the help of such computer programs, the scholar or student starting his scientific activity, can check whether there is this same study or feasibility. But there are many imperfect systems to check plagiarism and unfortunately the reason for it is the insufficient funding of the educational and scientific sector, that leads to an ineffective work.
As a conclusion, it can be noted that at this stage of development of the phenomenon such as plagiarism has a very rapid spread. And that is why everyone in society has to bear responsibility for his actions and activities. Though, the main thing is not to forget about the people that surround it. It is now quite important for public relations to have respect for others ‘ rights and to follow copyright law. We, as a new generation, in their scientific and research work we have to do everything possible for further development and integration of education into the new channel to provide us and the next generation with complete and comprehensive development.