As is well known, Martin Heidegger’s philosophy has no holistic ethical theory, but his questioning about being closely interlinks with ethical problems. According to the German philosopher’s ideas, the existence of human being primarily has a social nature that ontologically implies the presence of moral norms and rules of conduct for the possibility of realizing a collective being in a common society.
Heidegger have criticized ethical teachings that preceded him and constructed his own ideas about the social world and its ethical norms. The main emphasis he placed on the being-in-the-world that shared with other people. Continue reading
Perception of the role of values as a factor in the derationalization of the conflict is dominant in the modern theory of conflict. And interest in conflicts of values is extremely great. Meanwhile, in conflictological literature the clarity in describing values as a specific object of the dispute leaves much to be desired. If material objects, such as resources or status are prepared to the smallest detail, Continue reading
Modern problems of society and political authorities often minimise the nature of the relationship of public power and citizen, because the political regime determines the degree of social freedoms.
Studying social world even as it agreed to talk about how a totalitarian regime from authoritarianism and democracy, but attempts to more accurately classify their diversity leveled many intermediate modes of organization and implementation authorities. Continue reading
In the different time was progress of science (and proto-science, in modern understanding of term “science”) by different factors restricted. A part of this restriction is based of axiomatic systems of sciences and is necessary , another part are metaphysical factors that it’s possible different to characterize the third part of factors are social, cultural, economic and political factors which influences the progress of science indirect, but there is this influence
One of historical examples of metaphysical factors is position of Thomas Aquinas, concrete his idea that thru of theology is more completely as thru of human philosophy. Continue reading
This paper is a continuation of the thesis research, which aims at carrying out the formation of a lawyer’s ethical code in Europe to understand such principles of legal activity in Ukraine. Interpretation of the rules of the lawyer’s professional conduct should be aimed at the purpose of legal principle place and the law itself. It can be stated that a lawyer has some specific goals in comparison Continue reading
Animal Ethics is a young and developing field. ‘Since ancient times philosophers have been interested in questions of animal minds, but only beginning around the last quarter of the twentieth century has a significant philosophical literature developed on the ethics of our use of animals. Scholars then began to view the subject matter as needing sustained scholarly attention’ [Tom L. Beauchamp (2011) in: The Oxford Handbook of Animal Ethics Edited by Tom L. Beauchamp and R. G. Frey] Continue reading
The attitude towards the use of corpses and organs of the dead in medicine and scientific research has seriously changed throughout the history of civilization. In China, autopsy was considered a desecration and was banned. In Greco-Roman medicine, the work with corpses was also banned: neither Hippocrates nor Galen did not dissect a man, but studied animal corpses or sewed up Continue reading
I think it would be reasonable if normative ethics was developed as a science. The main purpose of this strategy is twofold:
1) to achieve a better progress in development of ethics through moving from extensive unproductive diversity to efficient competition of ideas according to an agreed criteria of scientific method, Continue reading
When I started work at this easy theme , I read and reviewed a large number of materials, in which noticed a lot of new and interesting about my professional activities and moral consequences of it, for myself. In my opinion, the activities of a lawyer , does not depend only on his occupational knowledge , but also on the moral principles and views of the specialist in general. Continue reading
By now, modern society seems to have become accustomed to the fact that we live in the reality of an ongoing information revolution. Leading countries of this revolution developed the basic rules of the game: concerning the protection, storage, use of digital information. Continue reading